History

 - From the records: Jews who passed through or settled in Darlington 1841-1891

( Grateful thanks to Harold Pollins for all his work on the census returns from 1841 to 1911 which has formed the basis for the information listed below, I have listed the people from last week’s history corner item and added information bringing us up to the 1890s, Peninnah).

1841: 4 foreign- born travelling hawkers

1848 and 1851: marriages of Woolf(e) Abrahams son of Abraham Abrahams. (In 1851 listed as a widower)

1851 and 1861 census: No records of Jews present in Darlington on those dates.

1871: 2 single men, jewellery hawkers

Jacob Breski (Briski)(  Breske), jewellery pedlar, wife Fanny, sons Philip age 6, Abraham age 9 months, all born in Russia, living in Rise Carr Terrace, later first Jewish child born in Darlington born to this family,  Samuel born in 1872.

Isaac Wilkes, glazier, wife Eliza, children, Moses, Solomon and Rachel, all born in Poland, living in Nestfield St

Louis Sonnifield, picture dealer, wife Hannah and brother Solomon aged 15 , travelling salesman for Louis, also living in Nestfield St

1881: 1871 families no longer living in Darlington. 6 new families.

Isaac Lewis, glazier, wife Mary, sons Michael and Lewis from 'Vilver', Russia, living in Killinghall St.

Samuel Gilbert, glazier, wife Rebecca, children Annie, Sophia all born in 'Valcureshk' Poland and new-born Isrial born in Darlington, also living in Killinghall St.

Myer Cohen, loan broker, wife Betsy both born in Poland, children Hyman, Evelyn, born in Leeds and Reuben ( born in Darlington), living in Russell St.

Samuel Levi, tailor. wife Ammley born in Germany, children Jeake, Norra, Betsy, Rebecka and Jewish lodger Joseph Burman age 23, living in Tubwell Row.

Samuel Benjamin born in Manchester, clerk in wine and spirits merchants, wife Ann born in Newcastle, living in Eskdale St.

  Came to Darlington by 1872:Solomon Abrahams, reputed founder of the community, wife Sarah R, born in Poland. He had 5 sons and a daughter, Henry 1872 born in West Hartlepool,, Samuel born 1874 in Darlington, Joseph 1876 in Hull, Hyman 1877 in Hull, 1879 Fanny born in Darlington, lived in Albion St.

5 of the 1881 census families stayed until 1891 census when they were joined by 4 new families though there were other families present in Darlington between the census of 1881 and that of 1891 such as Rev Moses Reichman,, Chazan who died in 1888 leaving a wife and 6 children.(See the DHC website for more information on Rev Reichman) and Moses Levy, daughter Adasah who was born in 1886 in Darlington but later moved to Newcastle. Joseph Stones, draper who married Sarah Gordon in Stockton synagogue, Skinner St in 1885. The family later moved to Middlesbrough and then Manchester with their 4 Darlington born children and S Schott who in 1889 who had recently established a jewellers in high-Row in High-Row which suffered a fire that year.

1891  census new families: Ellius Sliufko, draper and money lender

Isaac Richardson, draper, boot dealer and money lender,

Jacob Schott

 Rev Samuel Gordon (related to Stones family above).

 

By  1891 “there is now evidence of a small community of about  9 families, 48 people including a minyan of adult males” (Harold Pollins). There is even a small Religion school that was inspected by Rev S Singer around this time

 

 



Link to DHC history in newspaper articles: JCR-UK

posted 4 Aug 2017, 03:25 by Peninnah Pappworth-McAllister

 From the JCR-UK .

"Although now in his 94th year, Harold Pollins is still providing JCR-UK with interesting and significant material. His latest contributions relate to the Darlington Jewish Community, and include materially expanded extracts of press reports relating to the community (containing over 600 separate press reports comprised in four separate parts, respectively covering 1773-1919, 1920-1939, 1940-1961 and 1962-2015); and two new articles on the Jews of Darlington, including an "Early History" and the story of a Darlington Jew in Silent Movies. The home page for Darlington (http://www.jewishgen.org/jcr-uk/community/darling/index.htm) has links to these articles and has also been enhanced, including details of the Congregation's ministers. We wish Harold all the best thank him for all his contributions to JCR-UK over the years. For a complete list of articles and press reports by Harold Pollins, see http://www.jewishgen.org/jcr-uk/Pollins_Articles.htm  "

The Early History of the Jews in Darlington

posted 11 Jul 2017, 06:15 by Peninnah Pappworth-McAllister

The Early History of the Jews in Darlington Part 1.

The text of Harold Pollins's fascinating and most scholarly article may be read on the website of JCR-UK Darlington, http://www.jewishgen.org/jcruk/community/darling/Darlington_early_history.htm.

 DHC is immensely grateful to Mr Pollins for his work on the history of their community .

“The Hebrew Community of Darlington in County Durham is interesting for various reasons. First, the most important, is that despite being small it has survived and continues to flourish………… Secondly, in the late 20th century it changed, almost overnight, from being an Orthodox congregation to one of Reform.” (Harold Pollins, 2017)

A Jewish Film Star from Darlington by Harold Pollins

posted 15 Jun 2017, 07:20 by Peninnah Pappworth-McAllister


In Charlie Chaplin’s history there is a somewhat shadowy character named Minnie Chaplin, a minor film actor around the time of the First World War. Very little has been written about her apart from possibly being married to Sydney Chaplin, Charlie’s half-brother (there is some doubt whether they were married), and the titles of the few films in which she played.

In fact she was born Minnie Gilbert, in 1888, in Darlington, county Durham, one of the children of Samuel and Rebecca Gilbert, Jewish immigrants from Poland. He was a glazier, a familiar trade for east European Jewish immigrants, and they came to England in the late 1870s, first going to Leeds where two daughters were born, Annie in 1877 and Sophia in 1879. They then went to Darlington, where Israel was born in 1881, and they stayed in that town for at least 20 years, having another seven children: Henry 1882, Dora 1883, Harris 1885, and Minnie 1888 (the person I am dealing with in this article), Joseph 1892 and Reuben and David in 1900. Although Samuel, the father, was invariably described as a glazier, at least once, in 1896, he advertised as a money-lender. [i] Reuben and David were twins and were born two years after his wife, Rebecca, died. The birth certificate of David (presumably Reuben’s would be similar) gives the mother as ‘Jane Gilbert late Cohen formerly Livingstone’. I do not know if they were married. Samuel is recorded as widower in the 1901 Census, which suggests they were not.

The father was declared bankrupt twice, in 1890 and 1900. After the second one, all his goods and furniture were sold at auction, and, perhaps because of that, soon afterwards almost all of them left Darlington.

Many of them went to Scotland. In 1902, Annie the oldest child, was married in Edinburgh to Aaron Goldstein, but Henry, in that year, was living in Newcastle upon Tyne when he attested for the Army, joining the Durham Light Infantry.  He gave his trade as labourer and his father, Samuel, was still at their Darlington address, 18 Priest Gate. They left Darlington after that date and at the 1911 Census Samuel and four of his sons were in Edinburgh. All except Reuben, at school, were picture frame makers. [ii]

The later history of the Gilberts in Scotland included Henry becoming engaged in 1916 to a woman in Edinburgh. Reuben joined the army in 1919, his occupation being ‘driller and crane man’. He deserted the following year. Samuel Gilbert, the father, married Rebecca Harrison. He died in 1955 and was buried in Newington (Echobank) Cemetery, Edinburgh. Joseph died in 1960 and was buried in Glendufhill Cemetery, Glasgow.

However, two members of the Gilbert family were found in the 1911 Census of England and Wales.   One was Israel, recently married to Etty [Hetty] Schweitzer and living in Leeds, working as a tailor. Their entry in the 1911 Census is endorsed, for both of them, ‘Totally deaf and dumb from birth’.[iii]

The other one in the 1911 Census was Minnie and she was living in Lambeth, her occupation being ‘Music Hall Artist’. She was the second in a household of two, the head being Sydney Chaplin, also a ‘Music Hall Artist’. He was the half-brother of the great Charlie Chaplin. This 1911 Census entry was the beginning of my discovery of her film career and her relationship with the Chaplin family. She and Sydney Chaplin became associated almost immediately, and they soon made connection with North America.

On 3 September 1914 they sailed from Liverpool for Montreal, the passenger list detailing ‘Mr S. Chaplin, Music Hall Artist’, aged 29, followed by ‘Miss M. Gilbert, Music Hall Artist’, aged 25. In America she appeared in five short films in 1915: A Submarine Pirate, A Lover’s Lost Control, Gussie Tied to Trouble, Gussie’s Backward Way, and Gussie Rivals Jonah. But her most important film was A Dog’s Life (1918) where she had a small part in it, in a dance hall scene. This was Charlie Chaplin’s first major film as a director. In the filmography her name is written as Minnie Chaplin for all the films in which she played. [iv]

We meet her again, as a passenger on a ship leaving Southampton on 3 September 1919 for New York. This time the passenger list details ‘Chaplin, Sydney. Cinema Actor’ followed by ‘Chaplin, Minnie, and Wife’. However, no-one, it seems, has found a record of any marriage. There are no more reports of her appearing in any films and she died in 1936 in France. [v]

A final point is that while those who have investigated the Chaplin family and have written about Minnie have not known about her origin and family, they have almost known it when they refer to her as ‘Minnie Gilbert Chaplin’, as in at least one internet website. [vi]



[i] S. Gilbert & Co, 18 Priest Gate, Darlington, advertised money on loan almost weekly in the Northern Echo in 1896. This appears to have been the only period when he advertised this activity.

[ii] I am grateful to Harvey Kaplan of Scottish Jewish Archives for information about the Scottish 1911 Census and for certain other details about the Gilberts in Scotland.

[iii] In the 1901 Census Israel is marked ‘Deaf from birth’.

[iv] A Dog’s Life can be seen on the internet in YouTube.

[v] There are several photographs of her in www.discoveringchaplin.com/search?q=minnie   

accessed 12 May 2017

Shul Premises in 1916

posted 15 Jun 2017, 07:17 by Peninnah Pappworth-McAllister

In the minutes of a DHC Committee meeting held on Dec 10th 1916 reference is made to renting Rooms from a Mr Beal for the purpose of using them as a synagogue. Here is what Harold Pollins has discovered about Mr Beal.
 "John Beal of 25 Archer Street? I looked up all men named Beal at the 1911 Census and he seemed to be the only likely one - assuming he was still there in 1916."

From the minutes: Synagogue Premises

posted 11 Jun 2017, 08:24 by Peninnah Pappworth-McAllister   [ updated 11 Jun 2017, 08:40 ]

 For many years of its existence, DHC seems to have no fixed premises. Instead rooms or a room was rented in various buildings in the town to be used as a synagogue. Frequently other rooms were rented for the High Holy Day services. The usual ones being perhaps too small to accommodate the larger numbers attending on these occasions. At the start of the 20th century a building fund was set up and money raised with a view to the community having their own premises. This does not seem to have been a quick or straightforward matter however and it seems to have been many years before the community eventually had its own synagogue in Victoria Rd, Darlington.  There now follow extracts relating to premises gleaned from the minutes of the community. Once again I am indebted to Mr Harold Pollins for posing the original question about the DHC building fund after 1912 and premises for the community.
Unfortunately there seems to have been
a building committee set up but  not all their minutes (if any were kept!)
are  included in the book I have sight of.

1. There is no mention of premises in the minutes of Aug  or Sept 29th 1912.

2. Below are extracts from the minutes of the AGM of Oct 13th 1912.

 The secretary (B Kletz) pointed out that," the success of the year's work
was due to the fact that harmony had been maintained and in consequence
almost every Jewish resident of Darlington had contributed to the
Congregational funds. The membership had grown to (number unclear but looks
like 20 but could be 30) and there were contributing non-members.

 Report of Building Committee; Mr (D?) Abrahams, chair of committee said, "
that he could not give much information on the matter, several meetings had
been held and some of the members had been out to collect money for the
fund. He thought that the Secretary and Treasurer of the committee would be
better able to supply particulars".

 Mr Kletz said that he was not in a position to give a report of what had
been done. He knew that Messrs Shiufko, Hirsh, Richardson and himself had
collected in the immediate neighbourhood and some moeny had been collected
in. He could hold out no hope of better results until things were worked
systematically. It devolved upon the Chairman (not sure who this is, the
President Mr Shiufko seems to take the chair at this and subsequent
meetings.) to see that work was being done. Treasurer Mr A Richardson told
them that £239 had been promised, £161 received and £78 was outstanding. A
balance of £4 was still owing to the bank. Mr Shiufko said that he had done
some considerable work and ought to have done more. He said there was no
management to do the work. There were others on the committee who had
promised to help but had done nothing. He thought that the Chairman (who?)
ought to have taken more interest.....

3. No mention of premises at all in meetings held  in Jan, March and May 4th
and May 11th 1913, or 2 meetings in Aug (General and Committee) 3 in  Sept,
1913,  AGM of Oct 19th 1913, Nov 2nd 1913.

4. Building Committee minutes. No date but written between Nov 2nd and Nov
30th 1913. E Shiufko, chairman, L Hirsh Treasurer unopposed. Committee D(?)
Abrahams 13 (D?) Levi 11 (D?) Cohen 9 Samson Abrahams 4, H Abrahams 3.
Messrs D Abrahams, D Levi and S (?) Cohen were declared elected.

 Mr B Kletz having resigned as secretary to the congregation and building
committee. The chairman called for fresh nominations. Mr Samson Abrahams was
nominated Secretary to the Congregation by B Kletz, sec by A Levi. Mr (D or
S) Cohen was nominated Secretary to the Building Committee by B Kletz, sec
by M Raphael. There were no other nominations and they were declared
elected. The meeting then nominated and elected an auditor and nominated
wardens. (Think the minutes of the General Meeting and Building Committee
meeting have been scrambled here. There was much discussion after wardens
were elected at the AGM that the constitution did not allow.  for this.)
(A letter in the JC of  September 1913 refers to 30 members. There were
three Abrahams brothers: Samuel, Samson and Hyman. Hirsh should be
Lipman Hush and there was a Max Raphal(sic - as spelled by him in his
1911 Census form). And there was a Simon Levi. I have mentioned theat
the President was Ellius Sliufko but I daresay it was wrongly spelled
in the minutes (it was a bit difficult to pronounce). Help from Mr Harold Pollins)

 May 2nd 1914 Committee meeting. Mr E Sliufko in the chair, Messrs S Levi, L Hush, A Richardson, A Raphael ( this time spelled clearly like this!), S Raphael, and Samson Abrahams.

"The business of finding New Rooms as a synagogue was brought forward. Three members of the Committee visited Rooms at Tanfields (??, unclear, initial letter could be S, F or indeed something else entirely) Bdgs although these were not exactly suitable it was decided that they would be better than nothing and Mr S Levi proposed and Mr L Hush secd. that someone should see Mr Watson the owner. Mr Sliufko, Mr S Cohen and Mr S Levi were decided upon to interview Mr Watson. "

Committee meeting held Aug 14th 1914. Mr E Sliufko in the chair, Mr S Levi, Mr L Hush, AS/AD (?) Raphael and Samson Abrahams.

" Mr E Sliufko, AS Raphael and the Sec. interviewed Mr Chas Newman and he promised us the use of his Rooms for the High Festivals."

 At the AGM of Oct 25th 1914 appointments were made to the Building Committee Prop. S Abrahams, Sec. by H Abrahams that the building committee stand as before.

Chairman and Treasurer Mr L Hush, Secretary Mr B Kletz, Mr S Abrahams, S Levi, ?S Cohen. (Mr Cohen has an extra initial this time!)

 General Meeting Nov 8th 1914.  Heated discussions about arrears of fees, elections and then more discussions about accounts;

" Mr Hush brought forward that he had 2 a/c sent to him for stationery and printing etc & asked who should pay them as Portion was used for Shool business & Portion for Building Committee! Mr Samson Abrahams Prop. & Mr B Kletz Secd. that the larger Portion be Paid from Building Committee funds & The Smaller Portion from shool funds The meeting then closed  with a vote of Thanks to the retiring officers. Prop. by Mr s Cohen & secd by Mr S Abrahams."

Committee Meeting held Sun May 30th 1915 Mr S Levi in chair, Messrs E Sliufko, B Kletz, S Abrahams, S Raphael & Samson Abrahams.

 " Certain members had asked for this meeting to be Called for the Purpose of bringing forward a scheme they had for a mickva. The Chairman & Sec had be given to understand that a Certain  member namely Mr S Raphael Would Present all Particulars, but when Called upon to do so, He could not, or did not wish to. The Meeting Therefore Could not go on & was Closed."

 At the General Meeting of Sun Oct 24th 1915 a resolution was passed that the building Committee stand as before. proposed by S Abrahams, seconded by B Kletz. passed C.U.

 Nothing more about actual buildings so far despite the Building Committee obviously being still in existence/only reference to building at all is a letter read out by the Sec on Nov 7th 1915 General Meeting,

" from Tonypandy Synagogue Building Committee with Cards of Brick Stamps. (to be Returned)"

Then nothing until Sept 3rd, 1916 when" Mr E Sliufko reported that he had secured Rooms for the High Festivals same as last year".

More from the minutes on the subject of DHC synagogue premises. N.B  The gaps between dates indicate nothing to do with premises was discussed

Nov 15th 1916 Committee Meeting There is reference to seeking permission of the Liberal club Room for the use of Rev M Abrahams of Leeds, officiating clergyman of the Northern Command (military) to use for holding servicemen' services on Sundays. N.B It is interesting to note that Mr Sliufko managed to obtain immediate permission from the Liberal Club agent for this by leaving the meeting for only a few minutes. Would seem to imply they are meeting in the Liberal Club.

 Nov 26th 2016 Committee Meeting report by Mr S Abrahams in the Chair, that he had seen one Room which he thought would be suitable for synagogue but had others in view. It was decided to leave the matter in his hands.

Dec 10th 1916 Committee Meeting Mr S Abrahams chair, L Hush, B Kletz, E Sliufko. A Richardson, S Raphael, N Cohen and Samson Abrahams (all names spelled as above in minutes)

" The chairman reported he had seen Rooms which were suitable for a synagogue, lately occupied by Mr Beal which could be had at a Rental of £12-0-0 per annum and that he had given notice to the landlord of our Present Rooms which would terminate the 1st of January. Mr Sliufko moved to take Mr Beal's Rooms. Mr S Raphael seconded.

 Sun Aug 19th 1917 Committee Meeting. The first item on the agenda was Rooms for festivals. Mr E Sliufko said he had arranged for the same rooms as last year at the Liberal Club.

 General Meeting April 11th 1920 Present Mr A Richardson, President in the chair, Messrs B Kletz, L Hush, N Wilson, M Jokelson, L Greeenbaum, M Musgrave, H Lewis, F Rachkind, I (J?) Cailler, Samson Abrahams and D Raphael.

 " The secretary reported the  result of his interview with Mr Campbell with regard to the tenancy of our Rooms.  He offered to give up of the back room on the condition that the congregation be given an assured  tenancyof the front room for a period of not less than two years at a rental of £12 per annum. On March 26th Mr Campbell wrote agreeing to these terms. He now asked the meeting to confirm the arrangement" (it did). 

 Annual General Meeting Sun Oct 24th 1920.

 " Mr S Abrahams asked if anything further had been done with a view of selling the land in Coniscliffe Rd. The Secretary  reported that nothing had developed since the last meeting. After some discussion it was decided to recommend to the Building Committee that an effort be made to dispose of it."

 (Do you think this means that DHC had bought land on which to build a synagogue but for some reason had not or were not able to do so?  )

Revised List of DHC Ministers (Courtesy Harold Pollins)

posted 11 Jun 2017, 08:14 by Peninnah Pappworth-McAllister   [ updated 11 Jul 2017, 06:16 ]

Darlington Ministers to 2017

These details are taken from the Jewish Chronicle unless otherwise indicate. It is possible that some names were not reported, so this may not be a complete list.  The men involved usually occupied several roles, the main one being Shochet. Although many were foreign born some of them probably gave sermons in English as they are recorded as addressing various non-Jewish audiences.

 

1 July 1887 page 11

On Tuesday Rev S. Singer left London on a tour of inspection of Jewish schools in various provincial towns. ‘On Wednesday he examined the pupils of the small Religion Class at Darlington to which the Rev. H. P. Levy is visiting minister’.

 

17 August 1888 page 3

Grants made under Jewish Provincial Ministers’ Fund for the services of Rev H. P. Levy of the Middlesbrough congregation for the Darlington and Stockton congregation for the purpose of preaching occasionally and giving school instruction. He visited Darlington 6 September to 6 December 1886 and Stockton and Darlington  6 December 1886 to 6 December 1887. Also to Rev Mark L. Harris of Sunderland for visiting Darlington November 1885 to August 1886.

 

 

5 October 1888 page 14

Rev Moses Reichman, chazzan at Darlington, died ‘somewhat suddenly’ on Friday last. About 42 years old. And in Darlington only a short time. Leaves wife and 6 children. Buried Middlesbrough 25 September.

 

9 January 1891 page 15

Rev M. E. Davis, Middlesbrough, appointed visiting minister to Darlington and West Hartlepool.

 

6 July 1894 page 3

Jewish Provincial Ministers’ Fund. Rev M. E. Davis visiting West Hartlepool and Darlington 1 January 1991  for 3 years.

 

1891 Census

Samuel Gordon . Jewish Minister. Aged 48. Born Poland. 38 Hargreave Terrace.

 

23 September 1904 page 23

Services were conducted by Rev David Osherowitch and  S. Cohen of Darlington and Mr Soboff of Leeds. Mr E. Sliufko, president, has presented congregation with two mantles for the scrolls.

 

16 November 1906 page 21

No Jewish minister in Darlington. About 30 families. Application being made to the Jewish Ministers’ Fund.

 

9 August 1907 page 2

                        'DARLINGTON

             HEBREW CONGREGATION

WANTED, at once, a CHAZAN, Shochet and Teacher. Salary

£65 per annum and extras. - Apply to A. Richardson, 4 Russell-street, Darlington'.

 

25 October 1907 page 32

Mr D. Moss of Manchester elected Chazan, Shochet and Teacher at Darlington.

 

1911 Census

Barnet Moss Jewish rabbi. Aged 32 born Russia. 30 Dodds Street, Darlington.

15 August 1913 page 2

Darlington Hebrew Congregation

Wanted. Shochet, Reader and Teacher, 25s weekly and perquisites. Apply to secretary, 36 Swinbourne Rd, Darlington

2 January 1914 page 36

Chanucah service at the synagogue conducted by Rev M. Franks. minister to the congregation.

30 July 1915 page 18

Formation of branch of Sinai League. Elected: Hon Rabbi, Rev A(sic) Hyams

20 April 1917 page 16

Service for soldiers conducted by Rev B. Hyams.

25 March 1932 page 30

At a meeting of the congregation presided over by Mr H. Abrahams a silver Kiddush cup and a canteen of cutlery were presented to Rev B. Hyams on his retirement from the ministry. Mr B. Kelt made the presentation and spoke of the good feeling that existed between the members and Mr Hyams on his 18 years service to the congregation. Rev M. Isaacs spoke of Mr Hyams’s ability and kindness shown to him on taking up his duties in Darlington.

21 December 1945 page 13

Rev  M. Isaacs of Stoke has received call to become minister in Massachussetts. After his studying his first appointment was in Darlington which he left in 1933 for Stoke.

9 September 1933 page 8

Engagement. Rev Simon[sic] I. Susman of Darlington, 2nd son of Mr and Mrs F. Susman, Liverpool, to Sarah, eldest daughter of Mrs Swift and the late Mr D. Swift of Liverpool.

[Marriage. Samuel[sic] I. Susman December 1933 Liverpool 8b 483

[Sarah Swift

23 February 1934 page 35

Bristol. At a recent meeting the Rev S. I Susman of Darlington was elected Shochet, Second Reader, and Teacher.

16 March 1935 page 3

WANTED. Chazan, Shochet, Teacher and Bal Korah. £3.10 per week and perquisites. Apply S. Abrahams, 84 Greenbank, Darlington

31 August 1934 page 30

Rev D. Garb, late of the Lennox Street Synagogue, Dublin, appointed Minister and Teacher at the Darlington Hebrew Congregation. 

16 October 1936 page 3

United Synagogue. Hendon. Preacher this Friday evening and Sabbath, Rev D, Garb candidate for office.

25 December 1936 page 32

Organised by Rev. I. Waller, Newcastle, and Rev M. Landau, South Shields, the chazanim of various towns in the north-east have formed an Association whose main object is to promote the study of Hebrew Liturgy and chazanut. The services of the Association will be devoted to charitable concerts. Recent election of officers included D. Garb, Darlington, Treasurer.

Daily Gazette for Middlesbrough 6 April 1939 page 6

The Rev D. Garb of the Victoria Road Synagogue, Darlington, has received a call to occupy a similar position at the Synagogue in Leamington Road Blackpool. There were 60 applications.

21 April 1939 page 33

Mr D. Garb has received unanimous call from the members of the Blackpool United Hebrew Congregation. Aged  29, born Warsaw. Started music in Brussels and at London College of Music he obtained ALCM. Has been at Darlington 5 years and has frequently addressed non-Jewish audiences and sung at charity functions. Treasurer of NE Chazanim Association, executive member of Darlington Child Refugee Committee, and a keen Zionist.

 

14 July 1939 page 30

Rev Shalom Barron elected Chazan, Shochet and Teacher to Darlington Hebrew Congregation. Born London 1916 and has been Minister and Reader at the Synagogue, Russell Street, Liverpool, and Teacher to the Southport Hebrew Congregation.

29 May 1942 page 4

Bishop Auckland Hebrew Congregation Religion Classes are directed by Rev S. Barron, by courtesy of the Darlington congregation, and are held in the Lightfoot Institute.

14 January 1944 page 10

A Zionist social was held to raise funds for the Darlington avenue of trees and to bid farewell to Rev S. Barron and founder of the Society.

19 January 1945 page  13

After 13 years as Chazan, Shochet and Mohel at the Swansea Beth Hamedrash Rev M. Schwarz is leaving to take up position in Darlington.

2 February 1945 page 13

Rev Marcus Schwarz has assumed his duties in Darlington.

21 March 1946 page 4

Wanted. Chazan, Shochet and Teacher, commencing salary £5 10s per week and house available. President Samson Abrahams, 25 Manor Road, Darlington.

20 June 1947 page 12

Welcome to Rev I. Cohen newly appointed Chazan and Teacher.

25 August 1950 page 13

Rev Israel Cohen has been elected Chazan, Shochet and Teacher of Portsmouth and Southsea congregation. When in Darlington he was active in Zionism and JNF and was officiating chaplain to Jewish troops in the area.

9 March 1951 page 15

Rev M. I. Fabritz has resigned as minister of South Shields and has taken up appointment as minister of Darlington. Has been at South Shields since September last having moved there from Norwich where he has been for 20 years.

 

2 August 1957 page 14

Youth Club formed. Hon President is Rev M. I. Fabritz.

18 July 1958 page 16

Rev M. I. Fabritz is resigning after 7 and ½ years at Darlington, going to live in London. Born Latvia. Came to England after First World War.

3 October 1858 page 5

First mention of Rev A. Freedman in Darlington as a Bridegroom of the Law,

21 October 1960 page 2

Grandson born in London for Rev and Mrs A. Freedman of Darlington.

21 July 1967 page 33

Rev A. Freedman of Darlington officiated at consecration ceremony at the North-East Memorial Home for Aged Jews in Sunderland.

12 September 1969 page 5

Darlington Hebrew Congregation requires a Reader and Shochet to officiate at their recently-built synagogue.

4 February 1972 page 34

Darlington Hebrew Congregation requires a minister also to act as teacher. Small congregation, 35 families.

8 June 1973 page 10

Rev Wilfred Wolfson has been appointed minister to Darlington which has been without spiritual leadership since 1969.

21 November 1975 page 35

‘Spiritual Leader for Darlington’

We are seeking a leader from 1 January 1976. A small active community. A fine compact shul. Within the shul complex is a new modern spacious bungalow.

5 December 1975 page 9

Rev Wilfred Wolfson has been appointed minister of the Cathedral Road Synagogue, Cardiff.

24 September 1976 page 9

Appointment of Glasgow man is first rabbi in Darlington. Rabbi Alby Copeland.

 

11 August 1978 page 1

Meeting in Manchester, mainly attacking Reform. Rabbi A. Copeland of Darlington said Reform did not conform to halachah.

12 October 1979 page 10

Rabbi Alby Copeland will take up vacancy at Pollokshields Hebrew Congregation in April.

27 May 1988 page 13

Injection of life into community by Rabbi William Wolf of Newcastle Reform.

14 September 2012 page C12

Rabbi Barbara Borts is part-time rabbi.

28 August 2014 page 19

The congregation congratulates its rabbi on her Ph.D.

 Additions to the list of DHC ministers below.


1891 Census Samuel Gordon . Jewish Minister. Aged 48. Born Poland. 38 Hargreave Terrace. 1911 Census Barnet Moss Jewish rabbi. Aged 32 born Russia. 30 Dodds Street, Darlington.
1911 Census

Barnet Moss Jewish rabbi. Aged 32 born Russia. 30 Dodds Street, Darlington

 

 

DHC Ministers through 130 years, part 2.

posted 8 Jun 2017, 06:39 by Peninnah Pappworth-McAllister   [ updated 8 Jun 2017, 06:43 ]

 (once again many thanks to Harold Pollins for his research and allowing DHC to post the fruits of his hard work)

 We left the story of DHC ministers in 1915 when the Rev B Hyams was appointed. He served the community as shochet, chazan and cheder teacher for 18 years until his retirement in 1932.

Before moving on in time though, mention should be made of the Rev Barnet Moss, born in Russia, who took up the post of shochet, Reader and Teacher in 1907, moving here from Manchester. (You may recall that when I related the story of kosher meat complaints from DHC minutes, Mr Moss featured as the butcher. At that stage I had not realised that he also read the services and taught the children!)

After Rev Hyams retired, most of the Jewish Chronicle articles for the 1930s and 1940s, relate to DHC ministers getting jobs elsewhere including moves to Massachusetts, Bristol, Cardiff, Portsmouth and Southsea and Blackpool. These ministers seem also in the main to have come from smallish communities too, thus Norwich, Sunderland, Dublin are amongst those mentioned.

So back again to the JC ministers wanted section! This time 1935; "Wanted Chazan, Shochet, Teacher and Bal Korah (Torah reader), £3 10s per week and "perquisites"." (If anybody has suggestions as to what these perquisites entailed, I would be most interested, note that a new part of the job description has been added, does this mean that there is no longer a member of DHC able to fulfil this role perhaps? Is it significant that shochet now comes 2nd in the list of tasks?)

The Rev D Garb, born in Warsaw and formerly of Lennox St Shul in Dublin, was appointed and is worthy of mention. He studied music in Brussels and then at the London College of Music. He became treasurer of an Association of Chazanim from North-Eastern towns. The object of the association was to promote the study of Hebrew Liturgy and Chazanut. Rev Garb seems to have been the first DHC minister to have fixed premises as a shul, namely Victoria Rd. However, by 1939 he was off to Blackpool United Hebrew Congregation and the Rev Shalom Barron took his place in Darlington. He seems to have been the first UK born minister, hailing from London and coming to Darlington via Liverpool Russel St. (Where he may have encountered some of my family!). Rev Barron stayed until 1944 and was given permission by DHC to help out the Bishop Auckland Community by teaching in their cheder too.

JC ad time again, 1946, still wanting Chazan, Shochet and Teacher, salary now £5 10s per week and a house.

We then see 2 longer-serving ministers. Rev Fabritz, born in Latvia and formerly of Norwich and South Shields, served 7 and a half years and then Rev Freedman about 10 years.

JC ads again; 1969, "Reader and Shochet, recently built synagogue (this was number 13 Bloomfield Rd), 35 families."

There was no minister appointed however until 1973 with the arrival of Rev Wilfred Wolfson. He stayed a shortish while before moving to Cardiff in 1975.

JC ads in 1975; " Seeking a leader, small active community, compact synagogue (no 13, really?!), spacious bungalow (that is number 15, our current building!)"

This resulted in the arrival of the very first actual rabbi in Darlington, Rev Alby Copeland who came from Glasgow and in 1979 returned there. I know some current DHC members will have known these post-war ministers.

This brings us to about 1987/1988 when DHC under the guidance of Rabbi William Wolf joined the Reform Movement. (Scroll down for  article below, "More Recent history of DHC: How DHC became Reform".) 

Ministers at DHC

posted 5 Jun 2017, 07:02 by Peninnah Pappworth-McAllister



 I am very grateful to Harold Pollins for supplying the information that enabled me to write the following DHC newsletter item; (Any inaccuracies are entirely mine)

The main thing that leapt out  was that until the appointment of Rabbi Alby Copeland in September 1976 there was NO RABBI at Darlington! Instead the ‘ministers’ were almost always appointed as firstly shochet (kosher butcher), with their additional duties being chazan/ service reader and cheder teacher. Many of them supplemented their income by also teaching at Stockton and West Hartlepool.

Indeed it seems that in the main from the 1880s until 1907 when an advert appeared in the Jewish Chronicle, “Wanted at once, Chazan, Shochet and teacher. £65 per annum,” the Darlington community was catered for by occasional visits from ministers from  other communities such as Middlesbrough and Sunderland under the auspices of the  ‘Jewish Provincial Ministers Fund”. Grants were made to these roving ministers from the fund and (intrepid) inspectors would set out from London to inspect the DHC small religion class amongst others in the region.

I said in the main, as it is recorded that in October 1888 the Rev Moses Reichman,  “chazzan at Darlington died somewhat suddenly  leaving a wife and 6 children and was buried in Middlesbrough.” (There was no Jewish cemetery in Darlington at that time. Readers may recall that some while ago Rev Reichman’s great- granddaughter, Marilyn Boxer of California, contacted DHC for help locating his grave which we were able to do, though sadly it seems there was no stone erected.)

Most of the early ministers were born abroad hailing from places such as Poland, Warsaw, Latvia and Russia and until about 1915 and the appointment of DHC member David Biermann’s ancestor, Rev B Hyams, none seem to have stayed long before moving on to other small provincial communities.

Darlington Hebrew Congregation Ministers 1885 to present.

posted 23 May 2017, 09:25 by Peninnah Pappworth-McAllister

 DHC is very grateful to retired Ruskin College, Oxford history tutor Harold Pollins not only for his research on the history of DHC but also for giving his permission for this post.
"Darlington Ministers to 2017

These details are taken from the Jewish Chronicle unless otherwise indicate. It is possible that some names were not reported, so this may not be a complete list.  The men involved usually occupied several roles, the main one being Shochet. Although many were foreign born some of them probably gave sermons in English as they are recorded as addressing various non-Jewish audiences. " Harold Pollins.

Daily Gazette for Middlesbrough 3 January 1885 page 4

First wedding by Stockton Hebrew Congregation in their new synagogue at Skinner Street, Stockton, of

Joseph Stones of Darlington and Miss Sarah Gordon of Stockton. Performed by Rev G. B. Salomons late of  Darlington.

 


 

1 July 1887 page 11

On Tuesday Rev S. Singer left London on a tour of inspection of Jewish schools in various provincial towns. ‘On Wednesday he examined the pupils of the small Religion Class at Darlington to which the Rev. H. P. Levy is visiting minister’.

 

17 August 1888 page 3

Grants made under Jewish Provincial Ministers’ Fund for the services of Rev H. P. Levy of the Middlesbrough congregation for the Darlington and Stockton congregation for the purpose of preaching occasionally and giving school instruction.
Also to Rev Mark L. Harris of Sunderland for visiting Darlington November 1885 to August 1886.'

5 October 1888 page 14

Rev Moses Reichman, chazzan at Darlington, died ‘somewhat suddenly’ on Friday last. About 42 years old. And in Darlington only a short time. Leaves wife and 6 children. Buried Middlesbrough 25 September.

 

9 January 1891 page 15

Rev M. E. Davis, Middlesbrough, appointed visiting minister to Darlington and West Hartlepool.

 

23 September 1904 page 23

Services were conducted by Rev David Osherowitch and  S. Cohen of Darlington and Mr Soboff of Leeds. Mr E. Sliufko, president, has presented congregation with two mantles for the scrolls.

 

16 November 1906 page 21

No Jewish minister in Darlington. About 30 families. Application being made to the Jewish Ministers’ Fund.

 

9 August 1907 page 2

                        'DARLINGTON

             HEBREW CONGREGATION

WANTED, at once, a CHAZAN, Shochet and Teacher. Salary

£65 per annum and extras. - Apply to A. Richardson, 4 Russell-street, Darlington'.

 

25 October 1907 page 32

Mr D. Moss of Manchester elected Chazan, Shochet and Teacher at Darlington.

 

15 August 1913 page 2

Darlington Hebrew Congregation

Wanted. Shochet, Reader and Teacher, 25s weekly and perquisites. Apply to secretary, 36 Swinbourne Rd, Darlington

2 January 1914 page 36

Chanucah service at the synagogue conducted by Rev M. Franks. minister to the congregation.

30 July 1915 page 18

Formation of branch of Sinai League. Elected: Hon Rabbi, Rev A(sic) Hyams

20 April 1917 page 16

Service for soldiers conducted by Rev B. Hyams.

25 March 1932 page 30

At a meeting of the congregation presided over by Mr H. Abrahams a silver Kiddush cup and a canteen of cutlery were presented to Rev B. Hyams on his retirement from the ministry. Mr B. Kelt made the presentation and spoke of the good feeling that existed between the members and Mr Hyams on his 18 years service to the congregation. Rev M. Isaacs spoke of Mr Hyams’s ability and kindness shown to him on taking up his duties in Darlington.

21 December 1945 page 13

Rev  M. Isaacs of Stoke has received call to become minister in Massachussetts. After his studying his first appointment was in Darlington which he left in 1933 for Stoke.

9 September 1933 page 8

Engagement. Rev Simon[sic] I. Susman of Darlington, 2nd son of Mr and Mrs F. Susman, Liverpool, to Sarah, eldest daughter of Mrs Swift and the late Mr D. Swift of Liverpool.

[Marriage. Samuel[sic] I. Susman December 1933 Liverpool 8b 483

[Sarah Swift

23 February 1934 page 35

Bristol. At a recent meeting the Rev S. I Susman of Darlington was elected Shochet, Second Reader, and Teacher.

16 March 1935 page 3

WANTED. Chazan, Shochet, Teacher and Bal Korah. £3.10 per week and perquisites. Apply S. Abrahams, 84 Greenbank, Darlington

31 August 1934 page 30

Rev D. Garb, late of the Lennox Street Synagogue, Dublin, appointed Minister and Teacher at the Darlington Hebrew Congregation. 

16 October 1936 page 3

United Synagogue. Hendon. Preacher this Friday evening and Sabbath, Rev D, Garb candidate for office.

25 December 1936 page 32

Organised by Rev. I. Waller, Newcastle, and Rev M. Landau, South Shields, the chazanim of various towns in the north-east have formed an Association whose main object is to promote the study of Hebrew Liturgy and chazanut. The services of the Association will be devoted to charitable concerts. Recent election of officers included D. Garb, Darlington, Treasurer.

Daily Gazette for Middlesbrough 6 April 1939 page 6

The Rev D. Garb of the Victoria Road Synagogue, Darlington, has received a call to occupy a similar position at the Synagogue in Leamington Road Blackpool. There were 60 applications.

21 April 1939 page 33

Mr D. Garb has received unanimous call from the members of the Blackpool United Hebrew Congregation. Aged  29, born Warsaw. Started music in Brussels and at London College of Music he obtained ALCM. Has been at Darlington 5 years and has frequently addressed non-Jewish audiences and sung at charity functions. Treasurer of NE Chazanim Association, executive member of Darlington Child Refugee Committee, and a keen Zionist.

 

14 July 1939 page 30

Rev Shalom Barron elected Chazan, Shochet and Teacher to Darlington Hebrew Congregation. Born London 1916 and has been Minister and Reader at the Synagogue, Russell Street, Liverpool, and Teacher to the Southport Hebrew Congregation.

29 May 1942 page 4

Bishop Auckland Hebrew Congregation Religion Classes are directed by Rev S. Barron, by courtesy of the Darlington congregation, and are held in the Lightfoot Institute.

14 January 1944 page 10

A Zionist social was held to raise funds for the Darlington avenue of trees and to bid farewell to Rev S. Barron and founder of the Society.

19 January 1945 page  13

After 13 years as Chazan, Shochet and Mohel at the Swansea Beth Hamedrash Rev M. Schwarz is leaving to take up position in Darlington.

2 February 1945 page 13

Rev Marcus Schwarz has assumed his duties in Darlington.

21 March 1946 page 4

Wanted. Chazan, Shochet and Teacher, commencing salary £5 10s per week and house available. President Samson Abrahams, 25 Manor Road, Darlington.

20 June 1947 page 12

Welcome to Rev I. Cohen newly appointed Chazan and Teacher.

25 August 1950 page 13

Rev Israel Cohen has been elected Chazan, Shochet and Teacher of Portsmouth and Southsea congregation. When in Darlington he was active in Zionism and JNF and was officiating chaplain to Jewish troops in the area.

9 March 1951 page 15

Rev M. I. Fabritz has resigned as minister of South Shields and has taken up appointment as minister of Darlington. Has been at South Shields since September last having moved there from Norwich where he has been for 20 years.

 

2 August 1957 page 14

Youth Club formed. Hon President is Rev M. I. Fabritz.

18 July 1958 page 16

Rev M. I. Fabritz is resigning after 7 and ½ years at Darlington, going to live in London. Born Latvia. Came to England after First World War.

3 October 1858 page 5

First mention of Rev A. Freedman in Darlington as a Bridegroom of the Law,

21 October 1960 page 2

Grandson born in London for Rev and Mrs A. Freedman of Darlington.

21 July 1967 page 33

Rev A. Freedman of Darlington officiated at consecration ceremony at the North-East Memorial Home for Aged Jews in Sunderland.

12 September 1969 page 5

Darlington Hebrew Congregation requires a Reader and Shochet to officiate at their recently-built synagogue.

4 February 1972 page 34

Darlington Hebrew Congregation requires a minister also to act as teacher. Small congregation, 35 families.

8 June 1973 page 10

Rev Wilfred Wolfson has been appointed minister to Darlington which has been without spiritual leadership since 1969.

21 November 1975 page 35

‘Spiritual Leader for Darlington’

We are seeking a leader from 1 January 1976. A small active community. A fine compact shul. Within the shul complex is a new modern spacious bungalow.

5 December 1975 page 9

Rev Wilfred Wolfson has been appointed minister of the Cathedral Road Synagogue, Cardiff.

24 September 1976 page 9

Appointment of Glasgow man is first rabbi in Darlington. Rabbi Alby Copeland.

 

11 August 1978 page 1

Meeting in Manchester, mainly attacking Reform. Rabbi A. Copeland of Darlington said Reform did not conform to halachah.

12 October 1979 page 10

Rabbi Alby Copeland will take up vacancy at Pollokshields Hebrew Congregation in April.

27 May 1988 page 13

Injection of life into community by Rabbi William Wolf of Newcastle Reform.

14 September 2012 page C12

Rabbi Barbara Borts is part-time rabbi.

28 August 2014 page 19

The congregation congratulates its rabbi on her Ph.D.

More recent history of DHC: How the congregation became Reform.

posted 2 Jan 2017, 04:38 by Peninnah Pappworth-McAllister   [ updated 8 Jun 2017, 06:40 ]

 Thank you to former chair and president Martin Finn for supplying the following information about more recent decades OF DHC history.
 The community moved from Victoria Rd to number 13 Bloomfield Rd which it had purchased in about 1967. Number 13 is the very large listed and historic stone building adjacent to the current synagogue, now converted into flats. At the time it was an UHC congregation and the then current Chief Rabbi was asked to come to dedicate the building however it was felt that the congregation was too small to merit his journey north and so the recently retired Chief Rabbi , Rabbi Brodie came to conduct the service. This event is recorded in a photograph on display in the current synagogue Kiddush room which is currently incorrectly labelled 1959. The dedication in fact took place in 1969. The synagogue  had a number of beautiful decorations including a large ner tamid,  4 scrolls, stained glass windows, 2 kitchens and various teaching and function rooms. The fine, heavy wooden benches and reading desk made by one of the original founders of the synagogue was transferred to number 13 (and later the desk and many of the benches came to the new premises where they are still in use today). From time to time soldiers from the Catterick Garrison would attend services especially on festivals and the High Holy Days.
 The congregation had never been large and as the younger people gradually moved away for university and work, the community could not form a male minyan and had no rabbi though  a few of the original founding families still lived in Darlington. At that time the Finn family were also members of Newcastle Reform Synagogue and had made the acquaintance of  its then rabbi, Rabbi Wolf. Rabbi Wolf offered to come down to Darlington to lead the occasional service and  after a while in about 1987/1988, following consultations and agreement amongst the remaining members, it was decided that the congregation would join the Reform movement, the orthodox authorities considering the community no longer viable. The community then  made an arrangement to share rabbinical services  with NRS e.g. the NRS rabbi would come and lead 2nd day Rosh Hashanah services as they were not held in Newcastle and a number of Shabbat services through the year. Youngsters were able to attend the NRS cheder. Ruth Finn was the first bar/bat mitzvah in 1989 under Reform auspices. At the time the community became a Reform congregation it was agreed that a  quantity of Singer prayer books would be sold and they were bought by somebody from Gateshead who also purchased a very badly damaged scroll at the same time. Luckily he had a similar sized scroll that was also badly damaged but in  different books than the DHC one which would enable him to construct an entire4 sefer torah.
 After a number of years it was realised that the continuing use of the very large premises that were by then in increasingly poor  repair, was no longer sensible, the premises were sold and the adjacent rabbi's bungalow was converted into a small synagogue with kitchen and Kiddush room.  The congregation moved in in about 2007 and continued the rabbi sharing arrangement with NRS for a number of years until NRS decided to discontinue having a resident rabbi at which point DHC were pleased to be able to come to an arrangement with Rabbi Borts for her to provide part time rabbinical services to the congregation.  
 At the time of the move there were fewer than 20 members, most of whom were regular attenders at the monthly Shabbat services which were in the main led by lay readers. Kol Nidrei and Yom Kippur services were also led by lay leaders with 2nd day Rosh Hashanah led by the NRS rabbi. (There was no 1st day Rosh Hashanah service), other festivals were not observed with services unless they coincided with the monthly Shabbat service.
It was not felt by many that the congregation would continue for much longer.
 However that has not proved to be the case at all. Membership is now more than doubled though the majority of members now live in towns and villages surrounding Darlington rather than in it, most of the monthly Shabbat services are rabbi led, all the major and many of the minor festivals are celebrated, there is a thriving fortnightly Lifelong Learning that includes a cheder for the youngsters and a beit midrash taught by Rabbi Dr Borts for an enthusiastic group of adults, several members have now been trained to lead parts of the services, there are a number of Friday evening services throughout the year which are followed by a communal Shabbat meal and there is a social club that organises a number of catered events throughout the year  such as the annual Chanukkah Party, as well as the occasional outing. Above all the tradition that the majority of its members continue to be active in their support of the community has continued and the great majority of members regularly attend most of the services and functions with the remainder coming along at least several times a year.

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